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Company > BHP Group Ltd: Business Model, SWOT Analysis, and Competitors 2023

BHP Group Ltd: Business Model, SWOT Analysis, and Competitors 2023

Published: Sep 09, 2023

Inside This Article


    In this blog article, we will delve into the business model, SWOT analysis, and competitors of BHP Group Ltd, a leading global resources company. BHP Group operates in diverse sectors including iron ore, copper, coal, petroleum, and potash. We will examine their business model, highlighting key strategies that have contributed to their success. Additionally, a comprehensive SWOT analysis will shed light on the company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Lastly, we will explore the competitive landscape, identifying key rivals and analyzing their market positioning vis-à-vis BHP Group.

    What You Will Learn:

    • Who owns BHP Group Ltd and how the ownership structure of the company is organized.
    • The mission statement of BHP Group Ltd and how it guides the company's operations and decision-making.
    • The various sources of revenue and income streams that BHP Group Ltd utilizes to make money.
    • An in-depth explanation of the Business Model Canvas of BHP Group Ltd, including its key components and how they contribute to the company's success.
    • The major competitors of BHP Group Ltd in the industry and how they compare in terms of market share and performance.
    • A comprehensive SWOT analysis of BHP Group Ltd, highlighting its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats in the market.

    Who owns BHP Group Ltd?

    Institutional Ownership

    BHP Group Ltd, the leading global resources company, is widely held by institutional investors. These institutional investors consist of pension funds, mutual funds, and other large financial institutions. As of the latest available data, approximately 70% of BHP Group's shares are owned by institutional investors.

    Some of the notable institutional shareholders include BlackRock Inc., Vanguard Group, and State Street Corporation. These investment giants hold significant positions in BHP Group, indicating their confidence in the company's potential for long-term growth and profitability.

    Insider Ownership

    Insider ownership refers to shares held by individuals closely associated with the company, such as directors, officers, and key executives. In the case of BHP Group Ltd, insider ownership accounts for a relatively small portion of the company's total shares.

    While insider ownership can provide insights into the confidence and alignment of company management, it is important to note that insider selling or buying may not always reflect the company's future prospects. Nevertheless, it is worth considering the actions of insiders when analyzing the ownership structure of BHP Group.

    Retail Investors

    Retail investors, also known as individual investors, play a crucial role in the ownership structure of BHP Group Ltd. These individuals purchase shares through brokerage accounts or other investment platforms. Retail investors have the opportunity to invest in BHP Group, allowing them to participate in the company's growth and success.

    The rise of online trading platforms and the accessibility of investing have contributed to the increasing participation of retail investors in the ownership of companies like BHP Group. This broader ownership base ensures a diverse range of perspectives and interests among the shareholders.

    Foreign Ownership

    Given its global operations and presence, BHP Group Ltd attracts significant foreign ownership. Investors from various countries across the globe hold shares in the company. Foreign ownership can provide BHP Group with access to capital from different markets and diversify its shareholder base.

    Foreign ownership also reflects the international appeal of BHP Group as a valuable investment opportunity. It highlights the company's ability to generate returns and manage risks across different geographies, making it an attractive choice for investors worldwide.


    The ownership structure of BHP Group Ltd is characterized by a significant presence of institutional investors, moderate insider ownership, active participation from retail investors, and substantial foreign ownership. This diverse ownership base demonstrates the broad appeal and confidence in BHP Group's business model and growth prospects. It also highlights the company's ability to attract both institutional and individual investors from around the world.

    What is the mission statement of BHP Group Ltd?

    BHP Group Ltd: Shaping the Future through Responsible Mining

    BHP Group Ltd, a leading global resources company, has a clear and concise mission statement that reflects its commitment to sustainable practices and responsible mining. The company's mission is to "Discover, develop, and deliver natural resources essential for the world's prosperity, while demonstrating care for the environment, respect for communities, and upholding high ethical standards."

    Discover, Develop, and Deliver Natural Resources Essential for the World's Prosperity

    BHP's mission begins with the core objective of discovering, developing, and delivering natural resources that are essential for the world's prosperity. As one of the largest mining companies in the world, BHP plays a crucial role in meeting the increasing demand for resources such as iron ore, copper, coal, and petroleum. By focusing on exploration, development, and efficient operations, BHP aims to ensure a sustainable supply of these resources to support global economic growth.

    Demonstrating Care for the Environment

    BHP acknowledges the importance of environmental stewardship and is committed to minimizing its environmental impact throughout its operations. The company actively works towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions, conserving water resources, and promoting biodiversity conservation. By incorporating innovative technologies and sustainable practices, BHP strives to mitigate the environmental risks associated with mining activities and contribute to a cleaner and greener future.

    Respect for Communities

    Recognizing the significance of local communities in its operations, BHP places great emphasis on building strong and enduring relationships. The company aims to positively contribute to the economic development and well-being of the communities in which it operates. BHP engages in open dialogue, listens to community concerns, and actively supports local initiatives that enhance education, healthcare, and infrastructure. By fostering mutually beneficial relationships, BHP seeks to create a positive social impact and build trust among its stakeholders.

    Upholding High Ethical Standards

    BHP firmly upholds high ethical standards in all aspects of its business. The company values integrity, honesty, and transparency, ensuring that its operations are conducted in a responsible and ethical manner. BHP's commitment to good governance, anti-corruption practices, and human rights is reflected in its policies and procedures. By adhering to strict ethical guidelines, BHP aims to maintain the trust of its stakeholders and contribute to the sustainable development of the global mining industry.

    In conclusion, BHP Group Ltd's mission statement encapsulates its dedication to responsible mining practices, environmental stewardship, community engagement, and ethical conduct. By incorporating these principles into its operations, BHP strives to shape the future by delivering essential resources while safeguarding the planet and promoting social progress.

    How does BHP Group Ltd make money?

    Overview of BHP Group Ltd's Revenue Streams

    BHP Group Ltd, a global resources company, generates its revenue through various streams that capitalize on its diverse portfolio of commodities. With a strong presence in the mining, oil, and gas sectors, BHP leverages its extensive operations, global reach, and expertise to generate substantial income. Here, we delve into the primary revenue-generating segments that contribute to BHP's financial success.

    Mining Operations: Extracting Valuable Resources

    As one of the world's largest mining companies, BHP generates a significant portion of its revenue through its extensive mining operations. The company extracts a wide range of commodities, including iron ore, coal, copper, nickel, zinc, and petroleum.

    BHP's iron ore operations, primarily located in Western Australia's Pilbara region, serve as a key revenue driver. The company operates massive open-cut mines and utilizes advanced technology and efficient logistics to extract and deliver iron ore to customers worldwide.

    Additionally, BHP's coal mining operations, primarily located in Australia and Colombia, contribute to its revenue stream. The company extracts both metallurgical and energy coal, catering to diverse market demands.

    Other precious and base metals, such as copper, nickel, and zinc, are also significant contributors to BHP's earnings. The company's broad portfolio of mines across Australia, South America, and North America ensures a diversified revenue stream from these commodities.

    Petroleum: Tapping into Oil and Gas Resources

    BHP's petroleum division plays a crucial role in its revenue generation. The company explores, produces, and markets oil and gas resources worldwide. Its petroleum operations span across conventional and unconventional hydrocarbons, including oil, natural gas, and liquefied natural gas (LNG).

    Through exploration and production activities, BHP taps into oil and gas reserves in regions such as the Gulf of Mexico, Australia, Trinidad and Tobago, and Algeria. These operations involve drilling wells, extracting hydrocarbons, and processing them for sale in domestic and international markets.

    Moreover, BHP's petroleum segment benefits from its involvement in LNG production and sales. With its interests in various LNG projects, such as the North West Shelf in Australia and the Shenzi field in the Gulf of Mexico, BHP capitalizes on the growing demand for cleaner energy sources.

    Marketing and Trading: Maximizing Value from Commodities

    Apart from its direct operations, BHP also generates revenue through its marketing and trading activities. The company leverages its global network and expertise to optimize the value of its commodities by effectively matching supply and demand.

    BHP's marketing team acts as an intermediary between its production units and customers, ensuring efficient distribution and sales of its commodities. The company strategically sells its products across various markets, negotiating contracts, and adapting to changing market conditions to maximize revenue.

    Additionally, BHP's trading arm engages in the buying and selling of commodities, capitalizing on market opportunities and price differentials. By actively managing its commodity portfolio and utilizing trading expertise, BHP aims to enhance its revenue and profitability.


    BHP Group Ltd's revenue is primarily derived from its mining operations, petroleum activities, and marketing and trading endeavors. The company's diverse portfolio of commodities, global presence, and operational efficiency contribute to its ability to generate substantial income. As BHP continues to navigate the dynamic resources industry, its focus on sustainable practices and innovation will further strengthen its revenue streams and position in the market.

    BHP Group Ltd Business Model Canvas Explained

    Introduction to the Business Model Canvas

    The Business Model Canvas is a strategic management tool that provides a visual representation of the key elements of a company's business model. It allows organizations to analyze and communicate their business model in a concise and structured manner. In this section, we will explore the BHP Group Ltd Business Model Canvas and understand its components.

    Key Partnerships

    BHP Group Ltd, a leading global resources company, relies on several key partnerships to operate efficiently and effectively. These partnerships play a crucial role in enabling BHP to access essential resources, expertise, and technology. Key partners for BHP include suppliers, contractors, joint venture partners, and various stakeholders in the communities where it operates.

    For instance, BHP collaborates with suppliers to ensure a reliable supply of raw materials, equipment, and services necessary for its operations. It also forms joint ventures with other companies to share risks and leverage expertise in specific projects or regions. Moreover, BHP actively engages with local communities, governments, and non-governmental organizations to foster positive relationships and address social and environmental challenges.

    Key Activities

    BHP Group Ltd engages in a range of key activities to maintain its position as a global resources company. These activities encompass exploration, extraction, processing, and marketing of various commodities such as iron ore, copper, coal, oil, and gas. BHP also invests in research and development to drive innovation and improve operational efficiency.

    Exploration activities involve identifying potential mineral deposits and assessing their economic viability. Extraction activities encompass the actual mining or drilling operations to extract the resources. Once extracted, BHP processes these resources into saleable products through various refining and processing techniques. Finally, the company markets its products globally, targeting industries such as construction, manufacturing, and energy.

    Key Resources

    To support its key activities, BHP Group Ltd relies on a diverse range of key resources. These resources can be categorized into tangible and intangible assets. Tangible assets include mining and drilling equipment, processing plants, transportation infrastructure, and logistics networks. Intangible assets comprise intellectual property, mining rights, licenses, and the expertise of its workforce.

    BHP's extensive portfolio of mining and drilling operations globally provides access to vast reserves of natural resources, which are essential for its long-term sustainability. Additionally, the company's strong financial position enables it to invest in capital-intensive projects and technology advancements, ensuring efficient resource extraction and processing.

    Value Proposition

    BHP Group Ltd strives to deliver value to its stakeholders through its unique value proposition. The company focuses on sustainable development, operational excellence, and responsible resource stewardship. BHP aims to generate long-term value for its shareholders while contributing positively to the communities it operates in and minimizing its environmental impact.

    Through its diversified portfolio of commodities, BHP offers a reliable and consistent supply of essential resources to industries worldwide. The company's commitment to safety, ethical business practices, and corporate governance enhances its reputation and attractiveness to investors and customers alike.


    The Business Model Canvas provides a comprehensive overview of the BHP Group Ltd business model. By examining the key partnerships, activities, resources, and value proposition, we gain insight into how BHP operates and creates value in the global resources industry. Understanding these elements is crucial for stakeholders, investors, and industry observers to assess BHP's strategic position and future prospects.

    Which companies are the competitors of BHP Group Ltd?


    When it comes to the mining and resources industry, BHP Group Ltd. is undeniably one of the leading players. However, it faces stiff competition from several other companies that operate in the same sector. In this section, we will explore some of the key competitors of BHP Group Ltd. and analyze their respective strengths and weaknesses.

    Rio Tinto

    One of the major competitors of BHP Group Ltd. is Rio Tinto, an Anglo-Australian multinational mining company. Similar to BHP, Rio Tinto has a diverse portfolio of commodities, including iron ore, aluminum, copper, diamonds, and more. With a strong presence in multiple continents, Rio Tinto has established itself as a formidable competitor in the mining industry.

    Vale SA

    Vale SA, a Brazilian multinational mining corporation, is another significant competitor of BHP Group Ltd. Like BHP, Vale is a major player in the iron ore market. It also operates in other segments, such as nickel, copper, and coal. With its extensive operations and large-scale production capabilities, Vale presents a tough challenge to BHP's market position.

    Anglo American

    Anglo American, a global mining company headquartered in London, is yet another strong competitor of BHP Group Ltd. Its operations span various commodities, including diamonds, platinum, copper, and iron ore. Anglo American focuses on sustainable mining practices and has made significant investments in technology and innovation, enabling it to remain competitive in the industry.


    Glencore, a Swiss-based multinational commodity trading and mining company, is known for its diversified portfolio, which includes metals and minerals, energy products, and agricultural products. While Glencore's business model may differ from BHP's, it competes with BHP in the mining sector, particularly in areas like coal, copper, and zinc.


    BHP Group Ltd. faces tough competition from several prominent players in the mining and resources industry. Companies like Rio Tinto, Vale SA, Anglo American, and Glencore pose significant challenges to BHP's market share and industry dominance. As competition intensifies, each company strives to differentiate itself through innovation, sustainability, and operational efficiency. Consequently, this healthy competition ultimately benefits consumers and drives the mining industry forward.

    BHP Group Ltd SWOT Analysis


    1. Diverse Portfolio: BHP Group Ltd has a strong and diversified portfolio of assets, including various commodities such as iron ore, copper, coal, petroleum, and potash. This diversity helps the company mitigate risks associated with fluctuations in commodity prices and provides it with a stable revenue stream.

    2. Strong Financial Position: BHP Group Ltd boasts a strong financial position, with a solid balance sheet and ample cash reserves. This financial strength allows the company to invest in new projects, pursue growth opportunities, and weather economic downturns more effectively than its competitors.

    3. Operational Excellence: The company has a proven track record of operational excellence, especially in its mining operations. BHP Group Ltd consistently achieves high production volumes and maintains low production costs, resulting in competitive advantages and increased profitability.

    4. Robust Supply Chain: BHP Group Ltd has developed a robust supply chain network that enables it to efficiently transport and market its products globally. The company's extensive infrastructure, including ports, railways, and shipping facilities, ensures reliable and cost-effective distribution, giving it a competitive edge in the industry.


    1. Exposure to Commodity Price Volatility: BHP Group Ltd's business is heavily dependent on commodity prices, which are subject to significant volatility. Fluctuations in prices can have a direct impact on the company's revenue and profitability, making it vulnerable to market downturns.

    2. Environmental Concerns: As a major player in the mining industry, BHP Group Ltd faces increasing scrutiny and criticism regarding its environmental impact. The company must navigate environmental regulations, community opposition, and sustainability concerns, which can affect its reputation and social license to operate.

    3. Geographic Concentration: BHP Group Ltd's operations are concentrated in a few key geographic regions, primarily Australia and the Americas. This concentration exposes the company to risks associated with political, economic, and regulatory changes in these regions, potentially impacting its operations and profitability.


    1. Renewable Energy Transition: The global shift towards renewable energy presents an opportunity for BHP Group Ltd to diversify its portfolio and invest in renewable energy sources, such as wind and solar. By capitalizing on this trend, the company can position itself as a leader in sustainable mining practices and reduce its environmental impact.

    2. Strategic Acquisitions: BHP Group Ltd has the financial resources and expertise to pursue strategic acquisitions and expand its portfolio of assets. Acquiring new mining projects or companies with complementary resources can provide growth opportunities and enhance the company's competitive advantage.

    3. Technological Advancements: The rapid advancement of technology, such as automation, artificial intelligence, and data analytics, presents opportunities for BHP Group Ltd to improve operational efficiency, reduce costs, and enhance safety in its mining operations. Embracing these technological advancements can lead to increased productivity and profitability.


    1. Economic Downturns: BHP Group Ltd is susceptible to economic downturns, as they can lead to decreased demand for commodities and lower prices. A global recession or a slowdown in major economies could negatively impact the company's financial performance and profitability.

    2. Competition: The mining industry is highly competitive, with numerous global players vying for market share. BHP Group Ltd faces competition from other multinational mining companies, as well as smaller regional players. Intense competition can squeeze profit margins and hinder market growth.

    3. Political and Regulatory Risks: BHP Group Ltd operates in various countries, each with its unique political and regulatory environment. Changes in government policies, regulations, or taxation can increase operational costs, create uncertainties, and affect the company's ability to conduct business effectively.

    Key Takeaways

    • BHP Group Ltd is primarily owned by institutional investors, with the largest shareholders being BlackRock, Vanguard Group, and State Street Corporation.
    • The mission statement of BHP Group Ltd is to create long-term shareholder value through the discovery, acquisition, development, and marketing of natural resources.
    • BHP Group Ltd makes money through its diversified portfolio of commodities, including iron ore, copper, oil, coal, and nickel. It operates mines, oil fields, and production facilities across the globe.
    • The Business Model Canvas of BHP Group Ltd outlines its key activities, resources, partnerships, and customer segments. It focuses on efficient resource extraction, cost control, and sustainable operations.
    • Some of the main competitors of BHP Group Ltd include Rio Tinto, Anglo American, Glencore, and Vale. These companies are also major players in the mining and natural resources industries.
    • In terms of SWOT analysis, BHP Group Ltd's strengths lie in its diversified portfolio, global presence, and strong financial position. However, it faces challenges such as volatility in commodity prices, environmental concerns, and geopolitical risks. Opportunities for growth include technological advancements and emerging markets, while threats include regulatory changes and competition.


    In conclusion, BHP Group Ltd is a multinational mining and petroleum company that is owned by a diverse range of shareholders. Its mission statement emphasizes sustainable development and maximizing shareholder value. BHP generates revenue through its operations in mining and exploration, as well as the production and sale of commodities such as iron ore, copper, and petroleum. The company's business model canvas highlights key activities, resources, and partnerships that contribute to its success. However, BHP faces competition from other major players in the industry, such as Rio Tinto and Vale. Conducting a SWOT analysis reveals BHP's strengths in its diversified portfolio and global presence, as well as weaknesses in its dependence on commodity prices. Opportunities lie in expanding operations in emerging markets, while threats include regulatory changes and environmental concerns. Overall, BHP Group Ltd remains a prominent player in the mining and petroleum industry, driven by its commitment to sustainability and value creation for shareholders.


    How can I find a SWOT analysis on a company?

    There are several ways to find a SWOT analysis on a company:

    1. Company's official website: Many large companies publish annual reports or investor presentations that include a SWOT analysis. Check the "Investor Relations" or "About Us" section of the company's website.

    2. Business databases: Online databases like Bloomberg, Hoovers, or MarketLine offer comprehensive reports on various companies, including SWOT analysis. Some of these databases may require a subscription or payment.

    3. Business news websites: Websites like Forbes, Bloomberg, or Business Insider often publish SWOT analyses on popular companies. You can search for the company name along with "SWOT analysis" on these platforms.

    4. Industry reports: Research reports from market research firms or consulting companies often include SWOT analysis on specific companies within an industry. These reports might be available for purchase or accessible through academic institutions.

    5. Business publications: Magazines or journals like Harvard Business Review or The Wall Street Journal sometimes feature SWOT analyses on companies. You can either search their archives or browse through their articles related to the specific company.

    6. Online search engines: Conduct a simple online search with the company name followed by "SWOT analysis." You will likely find various sources such as academic papers, industry blogs, or business consulting websites that provide SWOT analyses on the company.

    Remember that SWOT analyses are subjective and can vary depending on the source. It is helpful to consider multiple analyses to gain a comprehensive understanding of the company's strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats.

    What are the core values of BHP?

    The core values of BHP (formerly known as BHP Billiton) are:

    1. Sustainability: BHP is committed to operating sustainably, focusing on environmental stewardship, social responsibility, and economic prosperity. They aim to minimize their impact on the environment and contribute positively to the communities in which they operate.

    2. Integrity: BHP upholds the highest standards of integrity, ethics, and accountability. They prioritize transparency, fairness, and honesty in all their actions and dealings.

    3. Respect: BHP treats all individuals with respect, regardless of their backgrounds, cultures, or perspectives. They promote diversity, inclusion, and equality among their employees and stakeholders.

    4. Performance: BHP strives for excellence in everything they do. They are dedicated to delivering superior performance and sustainable value for their shareholders, while maintaining a strong focus on safety and operational excellence.

    5. Collaboration: BHP believes in the power of collaboration and partnerships. They actively seek opportunities to work together with governments, communities, and other stakeholders to address global challenges and create shared value.

    6. Accountability: BHP takes responsibility for their actions and decisions. They are committed to delivering on their commitments, managing risks, and continuously improving their performance.

    These core values guide BHP's operations, decision-making processes, and interactions with stakeholders.

    What is the BHP controversy?

    The term "BHP controversy" is not specific enough to determine a particular controversy as BHP (Broken Hill Proprietary) is a large Australian multinational mining, metals, and petroleum company that has been involved in various controversies over the years. These controversies have covered issues such as environmental concerns, labor practices, indigenous rights, political influence, and corporate governance. To provide a more detailed answer, it would be necessary to specify a particular controversy related to BHP.

    What will be your SWOT analysis for the company?


    1. Strong brand recognition: The company has built a strong brand image and is recognized globally.
    2. Diverse product portfolio: The company offers a wide range of products in various categories, catering to different customer segments.
    3. Strong distribution network: The company has an extensive distribution network, enabling it to reach customers in both urban and rural areas.
    4. Innovation and technology: The company is known for its focus on innovation and technological advancements, giving it a competitive edge.
    5. Strong financial position: The company has a healthy financial position, with consistent revenue growth and profitability.


    1. Dependence on a few key markets: The company relies heavily on a few key markets for its revenue, which exposes it to risks associated with economic fluctuations in those regions.
    2. High production costs: The company's production costs are relatively high due to factors such as raw material prices and labor expenses.
    3. Limited online presence: The company's online presence is not as strong as some of its competitors, which may impact its ability to reach and engage with online-savvy customers.
    4. Limited customer loyalty: The company faces challenges in building strong customer loyalty, as customers often switch between brands based on factors such as price and availability.
    5. Overreliance on third-party suppliers: The company depends on third-party suppliers for a significant portion of its raw materials, which can lead to supply chain disruptions and quality control issues.


    1. Emerging markets: The company can explore opportunities in emerging markets, where there is a growing demand for its products.
    2. E-commerce growth: The increasing popularity of e-commerce presents an opportunity for the company to expand its online presence and reach a wider customer base.
    3. Sustainability and environmental focus: The company can capitalize on the growing consumer demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products by incorporating more environmentally friendly practices into its operations.
    4. Product diversification: The company can expand its product portfolio by introducing new products or acquiring complementary businesses, thereby reaching new customer segments.
    5. Growing health and wellness trends: The increasing focus on health and wellness presents an opportunity for the company to develop and market products that cater to this demand.


    1. Intense competition: The company operates in a highly competitive market, facing competition from both established players and new entrants.
    2. Economic downturns: Economic downturns or recessions can impact consumer spending and affect the company's sales and profitability.
    3. Changing consumer preferences: Evolving consumer preferences and trends can pose a threat to the company's existing products if it fails to adapt and innovate accordingly.
    4. Trade barriers and tariffs: Trade barriers and tariffs imposed by governments can disrupt the company's international operations and increase costs.
    5. Counterfeit products: The company faces the risk of counterfeit products, which can harm its brand reputation and erode customer trust.

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